Tuesday, October 16, 2012
Many Northern States had laws called "Black Codes" forbidding free blacks from moving into their states. These included Rhode Island, Illinois, Ohio, Indiana,Wisconsin and Oregon.
" No free Negro, or Mulatto, not residing in this state at the time of the adoption of this constitution, shall come, reside, or be within this state, or hold any real estate, or make any contracts, or maintain any suit therein; an the Legislative Assembly shall provide by penal laws, for the removal, by public officers, of all such Negroes, and Mulattos, and for their effectual exclusion from the state, and for the punishment of persons who shall bring them into the state, or employ, or harbor them.”
Oregon Constitution 1833 - Article I Section 35 (The free Negro clause was repealed, November 3, 1926.)
As an Illinois representative Lincoln introduced a bill to have all blacks removed from the state.