Sunday, August 19, 2012

"Forward men, let it never be said that Texans lag behind"

General Hiram B. Granbury was born in Copiah County, Mississippi. He attended Oakland College in Rodney, Mississippi, then moved to Waco, Texas, in the 1850s, became an attorney and served as county judge for two years. 

Once Texas left the Union, he organized the Waco Guards and served as its first Captain. 

He was sent to duty in Kentucky and Tennessee, and in October 1861, was made Major of the 7th Texas. He was captured in the fall of Fort Donelson on February 16, 1862, and imprisoned at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor. 

His wife, Fannie Sims Granbury, had moved with her husband to Fort Donelson, after his capture she once again moved to be near him, this time to Massachusetts. While there she became ill and required surgery in Baltimore. 

On parole, he was allowed to attend to her during this time. Sadly it was found that she was suffering from ovarian cancer and nothing could be done. She would returned to Alabama where she died. He was exchanged for two lieutenants on August 27, 1862, and was promoted to Colonel. The 7th Texas was not exchanged until November of that year, and once exchanged was consolidated with the 49th and 55th Tennessee regiments under Colonel J.E. Bailey. 

This left him without a command until January 1863 when the unit was again independent. He led the regiment during the Vicksburg Campaign, and at Chickamauga, where he was wounded. At Chattanooga, he assumed command of the brigade upon the wounding of General J.A. Smith and led it until Smith was able to resume command. 

He also saw action during the Battle of Missionary Ridge, and on the Army of Tennessee's retreat in November 1863, he received praise from division commander Major General Patrick R. Cleburne. By the end of the Atlanta Campaign he was back in command leading his men in Hood's invasion of Tennessee. 

At the Battle of Franklin, on November 30, 1864, he charged the Union center with Cleburne, and was killed before reaching the Federal breastworks, and became one of 6 Confederate Generals to die as a result of the battle. 

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